Localisation of the origin of a ventricular tachycardia
The localisation of the origin (or exit site) of a ventricular tachycardia can be helpful in understanding the cause of the VT and is very helpful when planning an ablation procedure to treat a ventricular tachycardia.
The steps to finding the exit site are:
- What is the bundle branch block (BBB) configuration?
- What is the inferior lead QRS complex polarity?
- What is the lead I QRS complex polarity?
- What is the lead aVL QRS complex polarity?
- What is the lead aVR QRS complex polarity?
- Where is the R-wave transition point?
Using this approach and the algorithms below  the exit site can be estimated with reasonable accuracy (PPV around 70%). In these algorhythms, bundle branch block was defined as “left” or “right” based on QRS morphology in lead V1; right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern was defined by a mono-, bi-, or triphasic R wave or qR in V1; LBBB pattern was defined by a QS, rS, or qrS in V1.
- Miller JM, Marchlinski FE, Buxton AE, and Josephson ME. Relationship between the 12-lead electrocardiogram during ventricular tachycardia and endocardial site of origin in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation. 1988 Apr;77(4):759-66. DOI:10.1161/01.cir.77.4.759 |
- Segal OR, Chow AW, Wong T, Trevisi N, Lowe MD, Davies DW, Della Bella P, Packer DL, and Peters NS. A novel algorithm for determining endocardial VT exit site from 12-lead surface ECG characteristics in human, infarct-related ventricular tachycardia. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2007 Feb;18(2):161-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2007.00721.x |