Example 25

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  • Following the 7+2 steps:
    • Rhythm
      • The ECG shows a regular fast rhythm. P waves are not easily discernible but might well be located just after each QRS complex (for example in lead II)
    • Heart rate
      • almost 300bpm
    • Conduction (PQ,QRS,QT)
      • The PQ and QT interval is hard to define, QRS complexes are small
    • Heartaxis
      • QRS positive in I and AVF: normal heart axis
    • P wave morphology
      • Negative P-waves in inferior leads
    • QRS morphology
      • Normal QRS complexes, normal axis, normal R-wave progression in precordial leads (V1 to V6)
    • ST morphology
      • Because of the fast rhythm the ST segments and T waves are not easy to interpret, there seems to be ST depression with negative T waves in the inferior and lateral leads .
    • Compare with the old ECG (not available, so skip this step)
    • Conclusion?

A regular small-QRS tachycardia at about 300bpm with normal looking QRS complexes is most likely an Atrial flutter with 1:1 conduction over the AV node. Carotid sinus massage or adenosine would slow down AV conduction and would uncover the typical 'saw-tooth' P-waves at 300bpm.

It might be that such a fast ventricular rhythm causes myocardial ischaemia without coronary artery disease. Most likely this is a young individual, older individuals often do not have AV node-conduction abilities at these high rates and they would show for example 1:2 or 1:3 AV-block whith the atrial frequency still at 300bpm but with the ventricles activated at 150 or 100bpm.