|This is part of: Supraventricular Rhythms|
Ventriculophasic reflex is a phenomenon that can be seen during AV block or during ventricular extrasystoles in bigemini. It describes the sinus arrhythmia that exists during a irregular rhythm. The phenomenon has been described by Erlanger and Blackman in 1910 . Different theories have been postulated to explain the phenomenon (a.o. by Wenkebach), but the theory published by Rosenbaum and Lepeschkin in 1955  is the most accepted.
A positive chronotropic (accelerating) effect on the ventricular contraction is probably caused by stretch on the right atrium by contraction of the ventricles. A negative chronotropic effect (slowing) is probably caused by a vagal reflex caused by stimulation of the carotid arterial baroreceptors by the pressure wave. The result of these two effects determines whether the P-P interval that surrounds the extra beat is shorter or longer than the P-P interval that surrounds the missing beat.
The baroreflex influences both the sinus node and the AV node and thus both sinus rate and atrioventricular conduction can be influenced.
- ROSENBAUM MB and LEPESCHKIN E. The effect of ventricular systole on auricular rhythm in auriculoventricular block. Circulation. 1955 Feb;11(2):240-61. DOI:10.1161/01.cir.11.2.240 |