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Corrado et al. have published an ESC consensus document on the screening of athletes for competitive sports.<cite>Corrado</cite> Besides a good medical history and examination, a 12 lead ECG is also part of the screening. They have set up special ECG criteria for participants in competitive sports (table 1). If one of the described findings are present on the ECG, the ECG is considered 'positive' and further evaluation is mandatory which can include echocardiography, 24-h ambulatory Holter monitoring, and exercise testing. ECG Features of cardiac diseases detectable at pre-participation screening in young competitive athletes are shown in table 2.
 
Corrado et al. have published an ESC consensus document on the screening of athletes for competitive sports.<cite>Corrado</cite> Besides a good medical history and examination, a 12 lead ECG is also part of the screening. They have set up special ECG criteria for participants in competitive sports (table 1). If one of the described findings are present on the ECG, the ECG is considered 'positive' and further evaluation is mandatory which can include echocardiography, 24-h ambulatory Holter monitoring, and exercise testing. ECG Features of cardiac diseases detectable at pre-participation screening in young competitive athletes are shown in table 2.
Prevalence of ECG abnormalities in competitive athletes has been studied by Pellicia et al.<cite>Pellicia</cite>
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Prevalence of ECG abnormalities in competitive athletes has been studied by Pellicia et al.<cite>Pellicia</cite> ECG abnormalities in their study increased with age and level of exercise. In young amateur athletes they found ECG abnormalities in about 7%, a number that rised to 40% in "adult elite athletes". Especially [[RBBB]] and [[lvh|left ventricular hypertrophy]] were often seen.
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Recently fierce debate has been going on about whether an ECG should be part of the screening of apparently healthy young sporters. In Italy this screening is compulsory by law and this country is a strong advocate of the use of an ECG as part of this screening. However, other mainly US physicians have stated that costs are too high for the yield (expressed in dollars per prevented sudden cardiac death).
 
==Criteria for a positive ECG==
 
==Criteria for a positive ECG==
 
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